Don’t wait until it’s too late. Only an eye care professional can detect these eye diseases in their initial stages. Early detection is a crucial factor in protecting your sight. With early diagnosis, most eye diseases can be managed to slow vision loss and other complications. Visiting your optometrist for regular comprehensive eye exams can help with early diagnosis and management.
At Prairie Vision, our optometrists are trained in the most advanced optometric care to diagnose and treat a variety of eye diseases and conditions. Some of the most common conditions include:
Glaucoma is an eye disease that develops due to elevated intra-ocular pressure (IOP) within the eye. The increased pressure affects the optic nerve and may cause vision loss.
In the early phases of glaucoma patients often have no symptoms. By the time vision is affected, the damage is permanent vision loss. Progression of glaucoma can be slowed or halted with eye drops, laser treatments, or surgery so early diagnosis is key.
A cataract is a painless cloudy lens in the eye that causes blurry vision that progresses slowly as we age. Other causes of cataracts include diabetes, trauma, some medications, and excessive UV light exposure.
Your doctor diagnoses cataracts at your comprehensive eye exam. The symptoms of early cataracts can be improved with new glasses, magnifying lenses and brighter lighting. Once the cataracts start producing signification reduction in vision, the best treatment involves surgery to remove the lens within the eye and replacing it with a new, clear lens.
Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
Age-related macular degeneration is an eye disease that can onset at any age, usually after the age of 60. This disease progressively destroys the macula, the central portion of your retina that helps with focus.
There are two types of AMD; wet and dry. Wet AMD, abnormal blood vessels behind the eye start to grow, leaking blood and fluid, causing loss of central vision. This type of AMD usually happens rapidly. In dry AMD, the light sensitive cells in the macula slowly break down causing central vision loss over time.
Retinal detachment occurs when the retina (tissue in the back of the eye) separates (detaches) from its underlying structures. The buildup of fluid behind the retina is what separates the retina from the back of the eye. Retina detachments are often painless, but typically show warning signs of sudden appearance of floaters and flashes, or a curtain drawn over your vision. Risk factors for retinal detachment include extreme nearsightedness (minus prescription), family history of retinal detachment, and aging. Treatment for a detached retina involves surgery, mostly using lasers, that can improve vision affected by the retinal detachment.
Diabetic retinopathy is a retinal disease that primarily affects individuals with high blood sugar levels. If your blood sugar levels are not routinely controlled, the blood vessels in your eyes may become damaged, abnormal blood vessels may grow and scar tissue may form and damage your retina and your eyesight. There are two types of Diabetic Retinopathy; early and advanced.